Many people cannot have children for a variety of reasons. Some may have difficulty conceiving, while others may have medical conditions which make pregnancy and childbirth too dangerous. Surrogacy offers these individuals and couples the chance to have a genetically related child. Here is a basic overview of how surrogacy works.
Generally, there are two types of surrogacy: traditional and gestational. In conventional surrogacy, the surrogate uses her eggs and is artificially inseminated with the father’s sperm. The resulting child is genetically related to both the surrogate and the father.
In gestational surrogacy, the surrogate is not genetically related to the child. Instead, the mother’s eggs are fertilized with the father’s sperm through in vitro fertilization (IVF). The embryo is then implanted in the surrogate’s uterus, which grows and develops until birth.
The first type of surrogacy, traditional surrogacy, is less common than gestational surrogacy because it can be emotionally difficult for both the surrogate and the parents to give up parental rights to a child to which she has a genetic connection.
Who Can Be a Surrogate?
The ideal candidate for surrogacy is a woman who had had children before and delivered them without complications. She must also be physically healthy and have no history of drug abuse or mental health problems. She must also have a supportive network of family and friends.
The Process of Becoming a Surrogate
If you think you might be interested in becoming a surrogate, the first step is to contact a surrogacy agency or lawyer specializing in this area. They will be able to guide you through the process and help you find intended parents who are looking for a surrogate. Once you have discovered intended parents with whom you feel comfortable, you will undergo psychological evaluations and medical screenings to ensure that you are mentally and physically healthy enough to carry a baby to term.
If everything goes well, you will be matched with the intended parents and begin the process of IVF or artificial insemination. Once pregnant, you will receive regular prenatal care like any other expectant mother. After the baby is born, it will be handed over to the intended parents, and your role as a surrogate will be complete.
Surrogacy offers many people who could not otherwise have children the chance to experience parenthood. If you are considering becoming a surrogate, you must understand what is involved in this process before making any decisions. This overview provides some general information about how surrogacy works but should not take the place of professional advice. If you think surrogacy might be right for you, contact an agency or lawyer specializing in this area to learn more about what steps you need to take next.”